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First published February 2006

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Female Athletes: Part 1, Mechanisms and Risk Factors

Abstract

The mechanism underlying gender disparity in anterior cruciate ligament injury risk is likely multifactorial in nature. Several theories have been proposed to explain the mechanisms underlying the gender difference in anterior cruciate ligament injury rates. These theories include the intrinsic variables of anatomical, hormonal, neuromuscular, and biomechanical differences between genders and extrinsic variables. Identification of both extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors associated with the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism may provide direction for targeted prophylactic treatment to high-risk individuals.

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Article first published: February 2006
Issue published: February 2006

Keywords

  1. anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  2. injury mechanisms
  3. biomechanics
  4. female athlete

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© 2006 American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
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History

Issue published: February 2006
Published online: August 30, 2017
PubMed: 16423913

Authors

Affiliations

Timothy E. Hewett, PhD*
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Departments of Pediatrics, Orthopaedic Surgery, and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, Cincinnati, Ohio
Gregory D. Myer, MS, CSCS
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio
Kevin R. Ford, MS
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio

Notes

*
Cincinnati Children's Hospital, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 10001, Cincinnati, OH 45229 (e-mail: [email protected]).

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