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First published online October 22, 2013

New, normative, English-sample data for the Short Form Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)

Abstract

This article provides population norms for the Short Form Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4) and investigates the relationship between PSS-4 scores and sociodemographic variables. The PSS-4 was administered to an English sample (n = 1568) and was found to have acceptable psychometric properties. Sociodemographic variables explained 19.5% of variance in PSS-4 scores, and mean PSS-4 scores were significantly different from the mean scores reported in Cohen and Williamson’s original study. Greater levels of perceived health status, greater levels of social support, being male and being older were predictive of lower PSS-4 scores. Norm values for interpreting PSS-4 scores are presented.

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Published In

Article first published online: October 22, 2013
Issue published: December 2013

Keywords

  1. perceived stress scale
  2. psychometric
  3. normative values

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© The Author(s) 2013.
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History

Published online: October 22, 2013
Issue published: December 2013
PubMed: 24155195

Authors

Affiliations

Sheryl L Warttig
Staffordshire University, UK
Mark J Forshaw
Staffordshire University, UK
Jane South
Leeds Metropolitan University, UK
Alan K White
Leeds Metropolitan University, UK

Notes

Sheryl L Warttig, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Level 1A City Tower, Piccadilly Plaza, Manchester M1 4BT, UK. Email: [email protected]

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