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First published online January 7, 2022

Mango Diplomacy of South Asian Countries


This article examines the mango diplomacy of South Asia’s mango exporting countries. Diplomatic gifts are a common feature of public diplomacy of diplomatic missions globally. There are many prominent examples of that including China’s panda diplomacy and mango diplomacy of South Asia’s mango exporting countries like Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Based on the analysis, this study argues that Pakistan is a dominant actor in terms of mango diplomacy and has an extensive strategy, for example, including mango exhibitions, to increase its mango exports and goodwill in target countries.

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Zahid Shahab Ahmed is a Research Fellow at the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalization, Deakin University, Australia. During 2013–2016, he was Assistant Professor at the Centre for International Peace and Stability, National University of Sciences and Technology in Pakistan. He has published extensively on Pakistan’s foreign relations. Among his publications is Regionalism and Regional Security in South Asia: The Role of SAARC (Routledge, 2013).
Muhammad Jahanzaib is a PhD Scholar of International Relations at the International Islamic University, Islamabad.

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Article first published online: January 7, 2022


  1. Mango diplomacy
  2. South Asia
  3. Pakistan
  4. India
  5. Bangladesh

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Published online: January 7, 2022



Muhammad Jahanzaib
International Islamic University, Pakistan


Zahid Shahab Ahmed, Alfred Deakin Institute, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia. Email: [email protected]

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